Scientists working on the Breakthrough Listen project hope to discover evidence of extraterrestrial life by listening for “technosignatures” that may originate from alien civilizations. Yuri Milner, a Giving Pledge signatory and the man behind the Breakthrough Prize, collaborated with Stephen Hawking to launch Listen and find an answer once and for all to the question: are we alone in the Universe?
The first Breakthrough Initiative, Breakthrough Listen, is the biggest leap forward for the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) yet, with unmatched levels of private funding and access to some of the world’s best telescopes. Now, new findings by the project’s lead researchers mean Breakthrough Listen can turn its attention to previously hidden targets deep in space.
Fulfilling Their Giving Pledge Through Prizes and Programs
In 2012, Yuri Milner and Julia, his wife, signed up for Warren Buffett and Bill and Melinda Gates’ Giving Pledge. The Giving Pledge encourages billionaires to commit private wealth to charitable works during or after their lifetimes. Yuri Milner dedicated his Giving Pledge promise to furthering scientific causes, a decision that stemmed from his childhood fascination with science and space.
Funding the Breakthrough Prize
The same year that the Milners signed the Giving Pledge, they founded the Breakthrough Prize with Mark Zuckerberg and Priscilla Chan, Sergey Brin, and Ann Wojcicki. The Breakthrough Prize is often called the “Oscars of Science” due to its prestigious awards ceremony, prizes that run up to $3 million each, and its reputation for providing scientists with the recognition they deserve. Stephen Hawking won a Breakthrough Prize in 2013, but more on the esteemed physicist later.
Funding the Breakthrough Junior Challenge and Breakthrough Initiatives
Apart from the Breakthrough Prize, the Milners’ Breakthrough Foundation has sponsored various ambitious projects that raise the profile of science and scientists, including the Breakthrough Junior Challenge and the Breakthrough Initiatives. There are five Breakthrough Initiatives, each with a unique undertaking. The three core missions are:
- Listen, which attempts to detect radio signals from alien civilizations
- Watch, which searches for habitable planets around neighboring stars
- Starshot, which plans to send space probes to Alpha Centauri.
Breakthrough Listen is the largest-ever project to seek evidence of civilizations beyond our planet. The project’s unprecedented scope and power are due to the $100 million in funding from Yuri Milner. This funding has enabled radio surveys covering 10 times more of the sky than any other program in history and at least 5 times more of the radio spectrum, 100 times faster.
Stephen Hawking and Breakthrough Listen
Breakthrough Listen originated from a conversation between Yuri Milner and Stephen Hawking. As an admirer of Stephen Hawking, Yuri Milner wanted his opinion on which scientific fields would benefit from private capital. Stephen Hawking suggested SETI and, in 2015, the two men launched Breakthrough Listen at the Royal Society in London. Breakthrough Listen began officially in early 2016 and is set to continue for at least 10 years from this point.
Searching for Extraterrestrial Life
Listen hasn’t yet found proof of extraterrestrial life, but there are new developments all the time. Most recently, two of the project’s key investigators revealed a new technique that enables them to take a fresh look at older radio telescope data. Applying the method, which clears background and foreground objects from telescope images, the researchers discovered over 140,000 new cosmic objects, including mysterious astrophysical exotica, galaxies, and galaxy clusters.
These previously unseen galaxies are the perfect place to focus Listen’s powerful telescopes. Although these systems are millions of light-years away from us, if there are any alien technosignatures, and if they operate similarly to those from Earth transmitters, there is every chance of Listen identifying rare, bright alien signals.